- Clarifying the Tax Implications of Integrating the Domestic Passenger Service Charge at the Point of Sale of Airline Tickets
- Revenue Memorandum Circular No. 034-12
July 13, 2012
REVENUE MEMORANDUM CIRCULAR NO. 034-12
|SUBJECT||:||Clarifying the Tax Implications of Integrating the Domestic Passenger Service Charge at the Point of Sale of Airline Tickets|
|TO||:||The Manila International Airport Authority, All Domestic Airline Operators, Their Agents, All Revenue Officials, Employees and Others Concerned|
This Circular is being issued to standardize the procedure for invoicing, recording, and tax treatment of the integration the Domestic Passenger Service Charge (DPSC) in airline tickets and the service fees received by domestic airline companies.
In a Memorandum of Agreement dated May 17, 2012, the Manila International Airport Authority (MIAA) and domestic airline companies agreed that the Domestic Passenger Service Charge (DPSC), which was directly collected by MIAA from departing passengers through counters located in the airport terminals, shall be integrated with the sale of airline tickets. As such, the DPSC shall be collected from passengers at the time they purchase airline tickets from airline companies or general sales agents/travel agents. The DPSC shall then be remitted to the MIAA. In turn, the airline companies shall receive service fees from MIAA as compensation for collecting the DPSC on behalf of MIAA. DHcTaE
This Circular shall govern the invoicing and recording of the integrated DPSC in the books of airline companies and airport authorities.
The tax implications of the integration of the DPSC are discussed hereunder.
a. Collection of DPSC from passengers
The airline company shall collect the DPSC from passengers and shall include the DPSC in the official receipt to be issued by the airline company to the passenger. The VATable and VAT exempt components of DPSC shall be separately reflected in the official receipt. To illustrate, assume that the cost of the airline ticket is two thousand and sixteen pesos (P2,016.00), inclusive of VAT, and the DPSC amounts to two hundred pesos (P200.00), broken down as follows:
|Share of Airport Authority|| |
|Aviation Security Fee (ASF)|| |
The VAT receipt to be issued by the airline company to the passenger should reflect the following:
|VAT exempt sales|| |
|* represents Aviation Security Fee which is exempt from VAT.|
|** composed of VAT on the airline ticket (P216.00) and VAT on DPSC (P19.82).|
The share of the airport authority in the DPSC should be shown in the airline company's official receipt as part of receipts subject to VAT while the Aviation Security Fee should be reflected as VAT exempt. Lastly, the VAT component of the DPSC should be included in the total VAT.
Moreover, the airline company shall record the receipt of DPSC in its books as follows:
|DPSC-Share of airport authority||165.18|
|DPSC-Aviation Security Fee||15.00|
The accounts DPSC-Share of airport authority and DPSC-Aviation Security Fee may be shown in the financial statements as other income/expense.
b. Payment of DPSC by airline company to airport authority
The DPSC collected by the airline company shall be paid to the airport authority, which in turn, shall issue an official receipt to the airline company. The official receipt shall indicate the full amount of the DPSC (i.e., P200 per passenger).
Using the same illustration as above, the VAT receipt to be issued by the airport authority to the airline company should show the following:
|VATable sales|| |
|VAT exempt sales|| |
|*Aviation Security Fee|
|** VAT on the DPSC|
The DPSC shall not form part of the gross receipts of the airport authority for purposes of computing creditable withholding taxes.
Furthermore, the airport authority shall take up the remittance of DPSC in its books as follows:
|Due to National Gov't.-ASF||15.00|
On the other hand, the airline company shall record the payment of DPSC in its books as follows:
|DPSC-Share of airport authority|| |
|DPSC-Aviation Security Fee|| |
|Input tax|| |
c. Payment of Service Fees by airport authority to airline company
Payment of Service Fees by airport authority to airline company shall be governed by the rules on government money payments and be subject to withholding VAT at the rate of 5% and expanded withholding tax of 2% of gross payments.
Assuming that the service fee is equivalent to 3.5% of the DPSC, the airline company shall issue a VAT Official Receipt to acknowledge receipt of the service fees from the airport authority and record the following entry in its books to take up receipt of the service fees.
|Expanded withholding tax|| |
|Withholding VAT|| |
|Service Income|| || |
|Output tax|| || |
The airport authority shall make the following entry to record payment of service fees to the airline company. aHADTC
|Expanded withholding tax||0.1250|
Lastly, the entries to record payment/receipt of DPSC, as illustrated in paragraph (a), and entries to take up the receipt/payment of service fees, as shown in paragraph (b) may be consolidated if the actual remittance of DPSC by the airline company to the airport authority is net of the service fees.
All other issuance inconsistent herewith are hereby repealed or modified accordingly.
This Circular takes effect August 1, 2012.
(SGD.) KIM S. JACINTO-HENARES
Commissioner of Internal Revenue