- Directing the Full Implementation of a Defense Reform Program
- Memorandum Order No. 17
May 25, 2011
MEMORANDUM ORDER NO. 17
DIRECTING THE FULL IMPLEMENTATION OF A DEFENSE REFORM PROGRAM, INSTITUTIONALIZING THE PROPER STEWARDSHIP OF PUBLIC FUNDS BY THE DEPARTMENT OF NATIONAL DEFENSE (DND) AND THE ARMED FORCES OF THE PHILIPPINES (AFP), AND PROVIDING FOR THE EXPEDITIOUS AND EFFECTIVE INVESTIGATION AND PROSECUTION OF OFFENDING DND AND AFP PERSONNEL
WHEREAS, Section 1, Article XI of
WHEREAS, allegations of graft and corruption within the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) have again resurfaced involving principally the defunct Deputy Chief of Staff for Comptrollership, J6;
WHEREAS, revelations during public hearings conducted by the Senate Committee on Accountability of Public Officers and Investigations (Blue Ribbon) and the House of Representatives Committee on Justice provide and dramatize the need to reiterate and institutionalize policies, guidelines and processes in the stewardship of public funds by the Department of National Defense (DND) and the AFP to prevent the recurrence of wastage and plunder of our scarce resources;
WHEREAS, the RP-US Joint Defense Assessment (JDA) that was completed in September 2003 revealed critical deficiencies in the Philippine defense and military establishment, particularly in the following specific areas: (1) systemic approach to policy planning; (2) personnel management and leadership; (3) defense expenditures and budgeting; (4) acquisition; (5) supply and maintenance; (6) quality assurance for existing industrial base; and (7) infrastructure support; CIcTAE
WHEREAS, the JDA recommended the establishment and institutionalization of an effective and efficient accounting and financial management system that supports the planning, programming and execution of modernization and other multi-year capability development programs;
WHEREAS, the Feliciano Fact-Finding Commission (Feliciano Commission) in 2003 also found basis for grievances involving graft and corruption in the military establishment, such as those in connection with the retirement and separation benefits system, modernization fund, and procurement system, which provide a fertile ground for the recruitment of officers and men for military intervention and the overthrow of the Government;
WHEREAS, the Feliciano Commission Report also recommended reform measures focusing on the financial management system of the AFP to reduce opportunities for corruption, misappropriation and misuse of public funds;
WHEREAS, pursuant to DND Department Order No. 82 dated 30 November 2005 issued in the aftermath of the revelations of abuses committed by the Deputy Chief of Staff for Comptrollership, J6, and on the basis of the JDA findings and the recommendations of the Feliciano Commission, the Philippine Defense Reform (PDR) Program introduced comprehensive, systemic and institutional reforms and enhanced core competencies in the DND and AFP and integrated defense and military reform agenda, together with corresponding management structures and processes;
WHEREAS, with a view to further eliminating opportunities for graft and corruption in the defense and military establishment, it is necessary to fully implement and strengthen systems that will improve financial and management controls within the defense and military establishment, optimize the defense budget and continue the implementation of the reform programs, as well as the recommendations of the JDA and Feliciano Commission; and
WHEREAS, the President, under Article VII, Section 17 of the
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BENIGNO S. AQUINO III, President of the Republic of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers vested in me by law, do hereby order the following:
SECTION 1.Review and Continued Implementation of a Comprehensive Defense Reform Program. To strengthen the comprehensive framework for and integrate the reform initiatives of the defense and military establishment, the Secretary of National Defense is hereby directed to conduct a comprehensive and intensified review to be concluded within sixty (60) days from the issuance hereof on the status of the implementation of reform programs in the defense and military establishment, particularly those relating to: EDSHcT
a)The Defense System of Management (DSOM), built upon the concept of a strategy-driven, capability-based, multi-year planning process, inclusive of its four mutually supporting components: the Defense Strategic Planning System (DSPS), the Defense Capability Assessment and Planning System (DCAPS), the Defense Acquisition System (DAS) and the Defense Resource Management System (DRMS) incorporating two sub-systems, the Planning, Programming, Budgeting and Execution System (PPBES) and the Financial Management System (FMS);
b)The improvement of logistics capacity to address, among others, urgent requirements for combat operations;
c)The transparent implementation of AFP Capability Upgrade Program (CUP) that optimizes the use of the Modernization Trust Fund through a centralized defense acquisition system under the DND that is fully compliant with
d)The optimization of the defense budget and improved financial and management controls that pushes resources to operating units down to the company commanders and minimizes centrally managed funds in the AFP General Headquarters.
SECTION 2.Stewardship of Public Funds by the DND and the AFP. The Secretary of National Defense and the Secretary of Budget and Management are hereby directed to jointly conduct a comprehensive review and assessment of current policies, guidelines and processes in relation to the stewardship of public funds by the DND and the AFP with their joint report and recommendations to be submitted to the Office of the President within sixty (60) days from issuance hereof.
Upon completion of said review and assessment, the Secretary of National Defense shall incorporate the findings into appropriate reform programs and ensure their full and immediate implementation.
SECTION 3.DND-Special Investigating Committee (DND-SIC) and Department of Justice (DOJ) Coordination. The Secretary of National Defense shall immediately re-convene the DND-SIC, constituted through Department Order No. 22 (dated 28 January 2011) to "Investigate and Inquire on the Irregularities and Corrupt Practices of MGEN Carlos Garcia and Others," to coordinate with the Department of Justice to determine, based on the findings of the recently completed investigation conducted by the DND-SIC, whether appropriate criminal and/or administrative cases may be filed against erring officers or personnel.
The DND and DOJ shall, within ninety (90) days from the issuance hereof, submit a report to the Office of the President on whether, based on their agencies' coordination pursuant to this Memorandum Order, appropriate criminal and/or administrative cases have been filed against erring officers or personnel and, if none, state the reasons therefor. HSacEI
SECTION 4.Agency Assistance. All departments, bureaus, agencies, and instrumentalities, including government-owned or controlled corporations, are hereby directed to provide support to the Secretary of National Defense and the Secretary of Budget and Management in the discharge of their functions under this Memorandum Order.
SECTION 5.Progress Reports. The Secretary of National Defense and the Secretary of Budget and Management shall, within ninety (90) days from the issuance hereof, jointly submit a progress report to the Office of the President on the implementation of this Memorandum Order, particularly Sections 1 and 2 hereof. Thereafter, the Secretary of National Defense and the Secretary of Budget and Management shall jointly submit quarterly reports thereon to the Office of the President.
SECTION 6.Separability Clause. If any provision of this Memorandum Order is declared unconstitutional, the same shall not affect the validity and effectivity of other provisions hereof.
SECTION 7.Repealing Clause. All executive issuances, rules and regulations or parts thereof inconsistent with this Memorandum Order are hereby revoked, amended, or modified accordingly.
SECTION 8.Effectivity. This Memorandum Order shall take effect immediately.
DONE in the City of Manila, this 25th day of May, in the year of Our Lord, Two Thousand and Eleven.