- Guidelines for Categorization of Commodities of Plant Origin
- DA Quarantine Administrative Circular No. 01-14
November 11, 2014
DA QUARANTINE ADMINISTRATIVE CIRCULAR NO. 01-14
|SUBJECT||:||Guidelines for Categorization of Commodities of Plant Origin|
Pursuant to provisions of Chapter IV, Title IV, Book IV of
SECTION 1. Objective. This Circular aims to rationalize the regulation of commodities of plant origin in relation to the requirements for Phytosanitary Certificate, Sanitary and Phytosanitary Import Clearance and employment of necessary treatment.
SECTION 2. Definition of Terms.
1. BPI SPS Import Clearance (SPSIC) a document issued prior to importation by the Bureau of Plant Industry (BPI) to ensure that the products being imported meet standards to protect human, animal or plant life or health, and to prevent the spread of pests or diseases among animals or plants. Such document also prescribes the conditions to be complied with by the importer for the maintenance of quality and suitability of the product for the intended purposes.
2. Categorization The process in which ideas and objects are recognized, differentiated and understood. Categorization implies that objects are grouped into categories usually for some specific purpose.
3. Commodity A type of plant, planting material, plant product, or other article of plant origin being moved for trade and other purposes.
4. Consignment A quantity of plants, plant products or other articles being moved from one country to another and covered by a single phytosanitary certificate (a consignment may be composed of one or more commodities or lots (FAO, 1990, Revised ICPM, 2001). HCEcaT
5. Importation act of bringing into the country by sea, land or air, products from other countries intended for planting, consumption, manufacturing, trading, distribution, domestication, formulation, repacking or by any other purposes.
6. Importer shall refer to any person, individual or juridical entity, as well as any farmers' cooperatives/organization/association, or proprietor or authorized representatives or broker, partner, in case of partnership, who transacts with the BPI for purposes of registration and issuance of SPSIC in connection with importation of plants and plant products.
7. Intended use Declared purpose for which plants, plant products, or other regulated articles are imported, produced, or used (ISPM no. 16, 2002).
8. Lot A number of units of a single commodity, identifiable by its homogeneity of composition, origin etc.,forming part of a consignment (FAO, 1990).
9. Pest Risk Analysis (PRA) The process of evaluating biological or other scientific and economic evidence to determine whether a pest should be regulated and the strength of any phytosanitary measures to be taken against it. (FAO, 1995; Revised IPPC, 1997)
10. Phytosanitary Certificate An official paper document or its official electronic equivalent, consistent with the model certificates of IPPC, attesting that a consignment meets phytosanitary import requirements (FAO, 1990; revised CPM, 2012).
11. Phytosanitary Certification Use of phytosanitary procedures leading to the issue of a phytosanitary certificate (FAO, 1990).
12. Phytosanitary Import Requirements Specific phytosanitary measures established by an importing country concerning consignments moving into that country (ICPM, 2005).
13. Phytosanitary Measures any legislation, regulation or official procedure having the purpose to prevent the introduction and/or spread of quarantine pest, or to limit the economic impact of regulated non-quarantine pest (FAO, 1995; revised IPPC, 1997; ICPM 2002).
14. Plant Products products derived from plants either in their natural or processed form.
15. Planting Materials refer to seeds, fruits and parts of aggregate fruits used for planting. These also include cuttings, rhizomes, bulbs and corms, grafts, leaves, roots, scions and others that are capable of propagation.
16. Plants refers to living plants.
17. Quarantine pest A pest of potential economic importance to the area endangered thereby and not yet present there, or present but not widely distributed and being officially controlled.
Rationale and Non-Coverage
SECTION 3. Rationale. This circular shall provide basis for the Bureau of Plant Industry-Plant Quarantine Service (BPI PQS) in categorizing commodities according to their pest risk when establishing phytosanitary import requirements. This categorization shall be used in identifying whether Pest Risk Analysis (PRA) is necessary prior to importation and if phytosanitary certification is required from the country of origin.
SECTION 4. Non-Coverage. Products properly packed and labeled for commercial purposes including those with Certification of Product Registration from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are not covered by this Circular. Contaminating pests or storage pests that may become associated with the commodity after processing are also not covered in this Circular. HSCATc
Categorization of Commodities
SECTION 5. Categorization of Commodities. This Circular adopts the categorization of commodities according to level of pest risk pursuant to International Standards for Phytosanitary Measure (ISPM) No. 32 issued by International Plant Protection Convention, as follows:
1. Category 1 Commodities that have been processed to the point where they do not remain capable of being infested with quarantine pests and therefore, should not be regulated. The importation of Category 1 commodities shall not require an SPSIC, but the importer shall secure a Certificate of Non-Coverage and/or Plant Quarantine Service Certification from BPI.
2. Category 2 Commodities that have been processed to the point where the commodity remains capable of being infested with some quarantine pests and whose intended use may be for consumption or further processing. The BPI-PQS shall determine if a PRA is required for quarantine pests that may not be eliminated by the process. Importation of Category 2 commodities shall require SPSIC and Phytosanitary Certificate (PC) from the country of origin.
3. Category 3 Commodities that have not been processed and the intended use of commodity is for consumption or processing. PRA is necessary to identify the pest risks related to this pathway. This category requires SPSIC and PC.
4. Category 4 This includes commodities that have not been processed and the intended use is for planting. PRA is necessary to identify the pest risks related to this pathway. This category requires SPSIC to be secured from the BPI and PC from the country of origin.
Schedule of Fees
SECTION 5. * Schedule of Fees and Charges. The prevailing regulatory fees collected by the BPI for imported commodities pursuant to DA Administrative Order Nos. 12 and 26, s. of 2004 and
SECTION 6. Annexes. The methods of commercial processing with resultant commodities that do not remain capable and remain capable of being infested with quarantine pests including examples of categories 3 and 4 shall form as prescriptive parts of this Circular.
SECTION 7. Non-Exclusivity. All existing rules and regulations, policies, procedures and standards consistent with this Circular shall continue to be in force and effect.
SECTION 8. Repealing Clause. All existing Orders and Issuances inconsistent herewith are hereby revoked, repealed and/or amended accordingly.
SECTION 9. Separability Clause. If any portion of this Circular is declared unconstitutional or invalid, the other portions thereof which are not affected shall continue to be in full force and effect. DHESca
SECTION 10. Effectivity. This Circular shall take effect after the required publication in two (2) newspapers of general circulation and its filing with the National Administrative Register, UP Law Center.
(SGD.) PROCESO J. ALCALA
Department of Agriculture
Methods of Commercial Processing with Resultant Commodities That Do Not Remain Capable of Being Infested with Quarantine Pests
| || |
| || || |
|Carbonization||Anoxic combustion of an||Charcoal|
|organic material to|
|Cooking (boiling,||Preparing food items for||Cooked items||Frequently involves|
|heating, microwaving||consumption by heating,||chemically|
|including rice||primarily transforming the||transforming a food,|
|parboiling)||physical structure of items||thus changing its|
|Dyeing||Coloring of textile fibers||Dyed vegetable|
|and other materials by||fibers and textiles|
|which the color becomes|
|an integral part of the fiber|
|or material under the|
|influence of pH and|
|temperature changes plus|
|interaction with chemical|
|Extraction||Physical or chemical||Oils, alcohol,||Normally done under|
|process to obtain specific||essences, sugar||high temperature|
|components from plant-||conditions|
|based raw materials,|
|usually through mass-|
|Fermentation||Anaerobic or anoxic||Wines, liquors,||May be combined|
|process changing food/||beer and other||with pasteurization|
|plant material chemically,||alcoholic|
|often involving micro-||beverages,|
|organisms (bacteria, moulds||fermented|
|or yeasts) and e.g.,||vegetables|
|sugars to alcohol or|
|Malting||A series of actions allowing||Malted barley|
|the germination of cereal|
|seeds to develop enzymatic|
|activity to digest starchy|
|materials into sugars and|
|cessation of enzymatic|
|activity by heating|
|Multi-method||A combination of multiple||Plywood,|
|processing||types of processing such as||particle board,|
|heating, high pressure.||wafer board|
|Pasteurization||Thermal processing in||Pasteurized||Often combined with|
|order to kill undesirable or||juices, alcoholic||fermentation and|
|harmful micro-organisms||beverages||followed by|
|(beer, wine)||refrigeration (at 4 C)|
|and proper packaging|
|and handling. Process|
|time and temperature|
|depends on type of|
|Preservation in||Process of preserving||Preserved fruits,||Proper conditions of|
|liquid||plant material in a suitable||vegetables, nuts,||pH, salinity, etc.|
|liquid medium (e.g., in||tubers, bulbs||must be maintained|
|syrup, brine, oil, vinegar or|
|alcohol) of a particular pH,|
|salinity, anaerobic or|
|Pureeing (including||Making homogenized and||Pureed items||Normally combined|
|blending)||spreadable fruit and/or||(fruits,||with pulping of fruits|
|vegetable tissues, e.g., by||vegetables)||or vegetables and|
|high-speed mixing, screening||methods to preserve|
|through a sieve or using a||the puree (e.g.,|
|Roasting||Process of drying and||Roasted|
|browning foods by||peanuts, coffee|
|exposure to dry heat||and nuts|
|Sterilization||Process of applying heat||Sterilized||Sterilization may not|
|(vapors, dry heat or boiling||substrates,||change the condition|
|water),irradiation or||juices||of the commodity in|
|chemical treatments in order||an evident way, but|
|to destroy micro-organisms||eliminates micro-|
|Sterilization||Thermal processing of||Canned||Process time and|
|(industrial)||foods that leads to shelf-||vegetables,||temperature for|
|stable products in||soups; UHT||canned products|
|containers by destruction||(ultra-high||depends on type of|
|of all pathogenic, toxin-||temperature)||product, treatment|
|forming and spoilage||juices||and geometry of|
|of a flowing product|
|and then packaging in|
|Sugar infusing||Action of coating and||Crystallized||Usually combined|
|infusing fruits with sugar||fruit, fruit||with pulping,|
|infused with||boiling, drying|
|Tenderizing||Process to rehydrate dried||Tenderized||Usually applied to a|
|or dehydrated items by the||fruits||dried commodity.|
|application of steam under||Can be combined|
|pressure or submerging in||with sugar infusing.|
Methods of Commercial Processing with Resultant Commodities That Remain Capable of Being Infested with Quarantine Pests
| || |
|Chipping (of||Wood reduced to small||Chipped wood||The probability of|
|wood)||pieces||infestation is related|
|to the species of|
|wood, the presence of|
|bark, and the size of|
|Chopping||To cut into pieces||Chopped fruit,|
|Crushing||Breaking plant material into||Herbs, nuts||Usually applied to|
|pieces by application of||dried products|
|Drying/dehydration||Removal of moisture for||Dehydrated fruit,|
|(of fruits and||preservation, or to decrease||vegetables|
|vegetables)||weight or volume|
|Painting (including||To coat with paint||Painted wood|
|lacquering,||and canes, fibers|
|Peeling and shelling||Removal of the outer or||Peeled fruits,|
|epidermal tissues or pods||vegetables,|
|Polishing (of grain||To make smooth and shiny||Polished rice and|
|and beans)||by rubbing or chemical||cocoa beans|
|action removing the outer|
|layers from grains|
|Post-harvest||Operations such as grading,||Graded, sorted,||Usually carried out in|
|handling (of fruits||sorting, washing or brushing,||washed, or||packing houses|
|and vegetables)||and/or waxing fruits and||brushed and/or|
|vegetables||waxed fruit and|
|Quick freezing||Cooling quickly, ensuring||Frozen fruits and||Recommended|
|that the temperature range of||vegetables||international code of|
|maximum ice crystallization||practice for the|
|is passed as quickly as||processing and|
|possible to preserve the||handling of quick|
|quality of fruits and||frozen foods, 1976|
|(Rev 3, 2008),Codex|
|Rome, states that|
|"food which has been|
|subjected to a quick|
|freezing process, and|
|maintained at -18 C|
|or colder at all points|
|in the cold chain,|
|subject to permitted|
|freezing of fruits and|
|insects in particular.|
|Frozen fruits and|
|prepared for direct|
|consumption and will|
|decay quickly after|
|the pest risks|
|associated with such|
|considered very low.|
Example of Commodities under Category 3
a. Fresh fruits and vegetables
c. Cut flowers
Example of Commodities under Category 4
a. Whole plant/s
b. Cuttings (stem, scion)
d. Plants in vitro
e. Root stock
l. Leaves cSHATC
m. Micropropagative plant material